Buy Sell Stocks
**Options are a leveraged investment and aren't suitable for every investor. Options involve risk, including the possibility that you could lose more money than you invest. Before buying or selling options, you must receive a copy of Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options issued by OCC. A copy of this booklet is available at theocc.com. It may also be obtained from your broker, any exchange on which options are traded, or by contacting OCC at 125 S. Franklin Street, Suite 1200, Chicago, IL 60606 (888-678-4667 or 888-OPTIONS). The booklet contains information on options issued by OCC. It's intended for educational purposes. No statement in the booklet should be construed as a recommendation to buy or sell a security or to provide investment advice. Call The Options Industry Council (OIC) helpline at 888-OPTIONS or visit optionseducation.org for more information. The OIC can provide you with balanced options education and tools to assist you with your options questions and trading.
buy sell stocks
You must buy and sell Vanguard ETF Shares through Vanguard Brokerage Services (we offer them commission-free) or through another broker (which may charge commissions). See the Vanguard Brokerage Services commission and fee schedules for full details. Vanguard ETF Shares are not redeemable directly with the issuing fund other than in very large aggregations worth millions of dollars. ETFs are subject to market volatility. When buying or selling an ETF, you will pay or receive the current market price, which may be more or less than net asset value.
Top five lists are not a recommendation by E*TRADE Securities or its affiliates to buy, sell, or hold any security, financial product or instrument, nor is it an endorsement of any specific security, company, fund family, product, or service.
This offer neither is, nor should be construed as a recommendation or solicitation to buy, sell, or hold any security, financial product or instrument or to open a particular account or engage in any specific investment strategy.
The material provided by E*TRADE Securities LLC, E*TRADE Capital Management, LLC, Morgan Stanley or any of their direct or indirect subsidiaries, or by a third party not affiliated with E*TRADE is for educational purposes only and is not an individualized recommendation. This information neither is, nor should be construed as, an offer or a solicitation of an offer, or a recommendation, to buy, sell, or hold any security, financial product, or instrument discussed herein, or to open a particular account or to engage in any specific investment strategy.
1. Dividends. When companies are profitable, they can choose to distribute some of those earnings to shareholders by paying a dividend. You can either take the dividends in cash or reinvest them to purchase more shares in the company. Investors seeking predictable income may turn to stocks that pay dividends. Stocks that pay a higher-than-average dividend are called "income stocks."
2. Capital gains. Stocks are bought and sold constantly throughout each trading day, and their prices change all the time. When the price of a stock increases enough to recoup any trading fees, you can sell your shares at a profit. These profits are known as capital gains. In contrast, if you sell your stock for a lower price than you paid to buy it, you'll incur a capital loss.
The performance of an individual stock is also affected by what's happening in the stock market in general, which is in turn affected by the economy as a whole. For example, if interest rates go up, some investors might sell off stock and use that money to buy bonds. If many investors feel the same way, the stock market as a whole is likely to drop in value, which in turn may affect the value of the investments you hold. Other factors influence market performance, such as political uncertainty at home or abroad, energy or weather problems, or soaring corporate profits.
Some companies also issue preferred stock, which usually guarantees a fixed dividend payment similar to the coupon on a bond. This might make preferred stocks attractive to people looking for income. Dividends on preferred stock are paid out before dividends on common stock.
For many companies that have dual share classes, one share class might trade publicly while the other does not. Nontraded shares are generally reserved for company founders or current management. There are often restrictions on selling these shares, and they tend to have what's known as super voting power. This makes it possible for a group of shareholders to own less than half of the total shares of a company but control the outcome of issues put to a shareholder vote, such as a decision to sell the company.
Industry experts often group stocks into categories, sometimes called subclasses. Each subclass has its own characteristics and is subject to specific external pressures that affect the performance of the stocks within that subclass at any given time.
Stocks can also be subdivided into defensive and cyclical stocks, depending on the way their profits, and their stock prices, tend to respond to the relative strength or weakness of the economy as a whole.
Defensive stocks are in industries that offer products and services that people need, regardless of how well the overall economy is doing. For example, most people, even in hard times, will continue filling their medical prescriptions, using electricity and buying groceries. The continuing demand for these necessities can keep certain industries strong even during a weak economic cycle.
Growth stocks, as the name implies, are issued by companies that are expanding, sometimes quite quickly, but in other cases over a longer period of time. Typically, these are young companies in fairly new industries that are rapidly expanding.
Value stocks, in contrast, are investments selling at what seem to be low prices given their history and market share. If you buy a value stock, it's because you believe that it's worth more than its current price. Of course, it's also possible that investors are avoiding a company and its stock for good reasons and that the price is a fairer reflection of its value than you think.
And remember, short-term trading comes with other costs. If you sell a stock that you haven't held for a year or more, any profits you make are taxed at the same rate as your regular income, not at your lower tax rate for long-term capital gains.
You can place buy and sell orders for stocks online, through a mobile app, or by speaking with your registered investment professional in-person or over the phone. If you do trade online or through an app, it's important to be wary of trading too much, simply because it's so easy to place the trade. You should consider your decisions carefully, taking into account fees and potential tax consequences, as well as the impact on the balance of assets in your portfolio, before you place an order.
When you buy stocks on margin, you borrow part of the cost of the investment from your brokerage firm in the hopes of increasing your potential returns, which can magnify both your gains and your losses. For this reason, it's important to understand how margin accounts work and the risks associated with buying stocks and other securities on margin. Learn more about margin accounts.
Short selling is a way to profit from a price drop in a company's stock and, like buying on margin, tends to be a short-term trading strategy. It involves more risk than just buying a stock. To sell a stock short, you borrow shares from your brokerage firm and sell them at their current market price. If that price falls, as you expect it to, you buy an equal number of shares at a new, lower price to return to the firm. If the price has dropped enough to offset transaction fees and the interest you paid on the borrowed shares, you may pocket a profit.
Because short selling is, in essence, the sale of stocks you don't own, there are strict margin requirements associated with this strategy, and you must set up a margin account to conduct these transactions. The margin money is used as collateral for the short sale, helping to ensure that the borrowed shares will be returned to the lender down the road.
Often discussed in connection with short selling, "short interest" is a snapshot of the total open short positions existing on the books and records of brokerage firms for all equity securities on a given date. Learn more about short interest here.
Microcap securities, sometimes referred to as penny stocks, include low-priced securities issued by small companies with low market capitalization. These securities are primarily traded on the over-the-counter (OTC) market. While microcap companies can be real businesses developing or offering products or services, the microcap sector has a long history of bad actors engaging in price manipulation and other fraud. However, even in the absence of fraud, microcap stocks can present higher risks than the stock of larger companies. This is largely because relatively little information is available about microcap companies compared with larger companies that list their securities on national exchanges.
Yes. Several online brokerage platforms (such as Robinhood) offer commission-free trading in most stocks and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Note that these brokers still earn money from your trades, but by selling order flow to financial firms and loaning your stock to short-sellers.
The easiest way, in terms of getting a trade done, is to open and fund an online account and place a market order. While this is the quickest way to buy stocks, it might not always be the wisest. Do your own research before deciding what type of order to place and with whom.
Before you can start purchasing stocks, you need to select a brokerage account to do it through. You can choose to go with a trading platform offered by a traditional financial company like Fidelity, Schwab or Vanguard, or you can look at online brokers like Ally or Robinhood. 041b061a72